Previous Up Next
Validating RDF data


S. Abiteboul, R. Hull, and V. Vianu, editors. Foundations of Databases: The Logical Level. Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc., Boston, MA, USA, 1st edition, 1995. ISBN 0201537710.
S. Abiteboul, I. Manolescu, P. Rigaux, M.-C. Rousset, and P. Senellart. Web Data Management. Cambridge University Press, 2012. ISBN 9781107012431.
D. Allemang and J. Hendler. Semantic Web for the Working Ontologist: Effective Modeling in RDFS and OWL. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA, 2 edition, 2011. ISBN 9780123859655, 9780123859662.
G. Antoniou, P. Groth, F. v. v. Harmelen, and R. Hoekstra. A Semantic Web Primer. The MIT Press, 2012. ISBN 0262018284, 9780262018289.
C. Arnaud Le Hors. JSON-LD 1.0: A JSON-based Serialization for Linked Data. W3C Recommendation, 2014a. URL
C. Arnaud Le Hors. RDF Data Shapes Working Group Charter., 2014b. URL
T. Baker and E. Prud’hommeaux. Shape Expressions (ShEx) Primer., Apr. 2017. URL
T. Berners-Lee. Linked-data design issues. W3C design issue document, June 2006. URL
P. V. Biron and A. Malhotra. XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes Second Edition. W3C Recommendation, 2004. URL
D. U. Board. DCMI Metadata Terms., 2012. URL
I. Boneva, J. E. Labra Gayo, and E. Prud’hommeaux. Semantics and validation of shapes schemas for rdf. In International Semantic Web Conference, 2017.
D. Booth. FHIR linked data module., Apr. 2017.
T. Bosch, E. Acar, A. Nolle, and K. Eckert. The role of reasoning for rdf validation. In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Semantic Systems, SEMANTICS ’15, pages 33–40, New York, NY, USA, 2015. ACM. ISBN 978-1-4503-3462-4. doi: 10.1145/2814864.2814867. URL
P. Bourhis, J. L. Reutter, F. Suárez, and D. Vrgoč. Json: Data model, query languages and schema specification. In Proceedings of the 36th ACM SIGMOD-SIGACT-SIGAI Symposium on Principles of Database Systems, PODS ’17, pages 123–135, New York, NY, USA, 2017. ACM. ISBN 978-1-4503-4198-1. doi: 10.1145/3034786.3056120. URL
G. E. P. Box. Science and statistics. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 71 (356): 791–799, 1976. doi: 10.1080/01621459.1976.10480949. URL
D. Brickley, R. V. Guha, and A. Layman. Resource description framework (RDF) schemas., 1998. URL
K. Cagle. SHACL: It’s about time., Mar. 2017.
G. Carothers and A. Seaborne. Trig: RDF dataset language., 2014. URL
R. Chinnici, J.-J. Moreau, A. Ryman, and S. Weerawarana. Web Services Description Language (WSDL) Version 2.0 Part 1: Core Language., 2007. URL
J. Clark and M. Makoto, editors. RELAX NG Specification. OASIS Committee Specification, 2001. URL
K. Clark and E. Sirin. On RDF validation, stardog ICV, and assorted remarks. In RDF Validation Workshop. Practical Assurances for Quality RDF Data, Cambridge, Ma, Boston, September 2013. W3c,
C. S. Coen, P. Marinelli, and F. Vitali. Schemapath, a minimal extension to xml schema for conditional constraints. In Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on World Wide Web, WWW ’04, pages 164–174, New York, NY, USA, 2004. ACM. ISBN 1-58113-844-X. doi: 10.1145/988672.988695. URL
K. Coyle and T. Baker. Dublin core application profiles. separating validation from semantics. In RDF Validation Workshop. Practical Assurances for Quality RDF Data, Cambridge, Ma, Boston, September 2013. W3c,
R. Cyganiak and D. Reynolds. The RDF Data Cube Vocabulary. W3C Recommendation, 2014. URL
R. Cyganiak, D. Wood, and M. Lanthaler. RDF 1.1 - Concepts and Abstract Syntax. W3C Recommendation, Feb. 2014. URL
Dan Brickley and R. V. Guha. RDF Vocabulary Description Language 1.0: RDF Schema. W3C Recommendation, 2004. URL
Dan Brickley and R. V. Guha. RDF Schema 1.1. W3C Recommendation, 2014. URL
S. Das, S. Sundara, and R. Cyganiak. R2RML: RDB to RDF Mapping Language. W3C Recommendation, Sept. 2012. URL
Deborah L McGuinness and Frank van Harmelen. OWL Web Ontology Language Overview. W3C Recommendation, 2004. URL
A. Dimou, M. Vander Sande, P. Colpaert, R. Verborgh, E. Mannens, and R. Van de Walle. RML: A Generic Language for Integrated RDF Mappings of Heterogeneous Data. In Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Linked Data on the Web, Apr. 2014. URL
A. Dimou, D. Kontokostas, M. Freudenberg, R. Verborgh, J. Lehmann, E. Mannens, S. Hellmann, and R. Van de Walle. Assessing and Refining Mappings to RDF to Improve Dataset Quality. In Proceedings of the 14th International Semantic Web Conference, Oct. 2015.
M. Dojchinovski, D. Kontokostas, R. Rößling, M. Knuth, and S. Hellmann. Dbpedia links: The hub of links for the web of data. In Proceedings of the SEMANTiCS 2016 Conference (SEMANTiCS 2016), September 2016. URL
B. DuCharme. Learning SPARQL. O’Reilly Media, Inc., 2011. ISBN 1449306594, 9781449306595.
M. Duerst and M. Suignard. Internationalized resource identifiers (IRIs)., Jan. 2015. URL
ECMA International. The JSON data interchange format., 2013. URL
I. Ermilov, J. Lehmann, M. Martin, and S. Auer. Lodstats: The data web census dataset. In Proceedings of 15th International Semantic Web Conference - Resources Track (ISWC’2016), 2016. URL
D. Fernandez Alvarez, J. E. Labra Gayo, and H. Garcia-Gonzalez, editors. Inference and Serialization of Latent Graph Schemata Using ShEx, number 10 in IARIA Series, 2016. URL
P. M. Fischer, G. Lausen, A. Schätzle, and M. Schmidt. Rdf constraint checking. In Fernandez Alvarez et al. [37], pages 205–212. URL\#paper-33.
C. Fürber and M. Hepp. Using sparql and spin for data quality management on the semantic web. In W. Abramowicz and R. Tolksdorf, editors, Business Information Systems, volume 47 of Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, pages 35–46. Springer, 2010. ISBN 978-3-642-12813-4.
J. E. L. Gayo, E. Prud’hommeaux, I. Boneva, S. Staworko, H. Solbrig, and S. Hym. Towards an rdf validation language based on regular expression derivatives. In Fernandez Alvarez et al. [37], pages 197–204. URL\#paper-32.
R. J. Glushko, editor. The Discipline of Organizing. The MIT Press, 2013.
C. F. Goldfarb. The SGML Handbook. Oxford University Press, Inc., New York, NY, USA, 1990. ISBN 0-10-853737-9.
P. Grosso and J. Kosek. Associating Schemas with XML documents 1.0 (Third edition). W3C Working Group Note, Oct. 2012. URL
S. Harris and A. Seaborne. SPARQL 1.1 Query Language. W3C Recommendation, 2013. URL
T. Hartmann, B. Zapilko, J. Wackerow, and K. Eckert. Validating rdf data quality using constraints to direct the development of constraint languages. In 2016 IEEE Tenth International Conference on Semantic Computing (ICSC), pages 116–123, Feb 2016. doi: 10.1109/ICSC.2016.43.
T. Heath and C. Bizer. Linked Data: Evolving the Web into a Global Data Space, volume 1. Morgan & Claypool Publishers LLC, feb 2011. doi: 10.2200/s00334ed1v01y201102wbe001.
J. Hebeler, M. Fisher, R. Blace, and A. Perez-Lopez. Semantic Web Programming. Wiley Publishing, 2009. ISBN 047041801X, 9780470418017.
P. Hitzler, M. Krötzsch, and S. Rudolph. Foundations of Semantic Web Technologies. Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2009.
J. Hjelm. Creating the Semantic Web with RDF: Professional Developer’s Guide. Professional Developer’s Guide Series. Wiley, 2001. ISBN 9780471402596.
ISO/IEC. Information technology — Document Schema Definition Languages (DSDL) - Part 3: Rule-based validation - Schematron., 2016. URL
H. Knublauch. SPIN - Modeling Vocabulary., 2011. URL
H. Knublauch and D. Kontokostas. Shapes Constraint Language (SHACL). W3C Proposed Recommendation, June 2017. URL
D. Kontokostas, P. Westphal, S. Auer, S. Hellmann, J. Lehmann, R. Cornelissen, and A. Zaveri. Test-driven evaluation of linked data quality. In Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on World Wide Web, WWW ’14, pages 747–758, Republic and Canton of Geneva, Switzerland, 2014. International World Wide Web Conferences Steering Committee. ISBN 978-1-4503-2744-2. doi: 10.1145/2566486.2568002. URL
J. E. Labra Gayo. Web semántica: comprendiendo el cambio hacia la Web 3.0. Nebiblo, 2012. ISBN 8497455711.
J. E. Labra Gayo and J. M. Alvarez Rodríguez. Validating statistical index data represented in RDF using SPARQL queries. In RDF Validation Workshop. Practical Assurances for Quality RDF Data, Cambridge, Ma, Boston, September 2013. W3c,
J. E. Labra Gayo, H. Farham, J. Castro Fernández, and J. M. Álvarez Rodríguez. Representing statistical indexes as linked data including metadata about their computation process. In S. Closs, R. Studer, E. Garoufallou, and M. Sicilia, editors, Metadata and Semantics Research - 8th Research Conference, MTSR 2014, Karlsruhe, Germany, November 27-29, 2014. Proceedings, volume 478 of Communications in Computer and Information Science, pages 42–53. Springer, 2014a. ISBN 978-3-319-13673-8. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-13674-5_5. URL
J. E. Labra Gayo, E. Prud’hommeaux, H. R. Solbrig, and J. M. Á. Rodríguez. Validating and describing linked data portals using RDF shape expressions. In Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Linked Data Quality co-located with 10th International Conference on Semantic Systems, LDQ@SEMANTiCS 2014., volume 1215 of CEUR Workshop Proceedings., 2014b.
J. E. Labra Gayo, E. Prud’hommeaux, H. Solbrig, and I. Boneva. Validating and describing linked data portals using shapes. CoRR, abs/1701.08924, 2017. URL
T. Lebo, S. Sahoo, and D. McGuinness. PROV-O: The PROV Ontology. W3C Recommendation, Apr. 2013. URL
J. Lehmann, R. Isele, M. Jakob, A. Jentzsch, D. Kontokostas, P. N. Mendes, S. Hellmann, M. Morsey, P. van Kleef, S. Auer, and C. Bizer. DBpedia - a large-scale, multilingual knowledge base extracted from wikipedia. Semantic Web Journal, 6 (2): 167–195, 2015. URL
F. Maali and J. Erickson, editors. Data Catalog Vocabulary (DCAT). W3C Recommendation, 2014. URL
W. Martens, F. Neven, M. Niewerth, and T. Schwentick. Bonxai: Combining the simplicity of DTD with the expressiveness of XML Schema. In Proceedings of the 34th ACM SIGMOD-SIGACT-SIGAI Symposium on Principles of Database Systems, PODS ’15, pages 145–156, New York, NY, USA, 2015. ACM. ISBN 978-1-4503-2757-2. doi: 10.1145/2745754.2745774. URL
L. Miller and D. Brickley. Schemarama., Feb. 2001.
B. Motik, I. Horrocks, and U. Sattler. Adding Integrity Constraints to OWL. In C. Golbreich, A. Kalyanpur, and B. Parsia, editors, OWL: Experiences and Directions 2007 (OWLED 2007), Innsbruck, Austria, June 6–7 2007.
M. Murata, D. Lee, M. Mani, and K. Kawaguchi. Taxonomy of xml schema languages using formal language theory. ACM Trans. Internet Technol., 5 (4): 660–704, Nov. 2005. ISSN 1533-5399. doi: 10.1145/1111627.1111631. URL
M. A. Musen. The protÉgÉ project: A look back and a look forward. AI Matters, 1 (4): 4–12, June 2015. ISSN 2372-3483. doi: 10.1145/2757001.2757003. URL
T. Neumann and G. Weikum. Scalable join processing on very large rdf graphs. In Proceedings of the 2009 ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data, SIGMOD ’09, pages 627–640, New York, NY, USA, 2009. ACM. ISBN 978-1-60558-551-2. doi: 10.1145/1559845.1559911. URL
Ora Lassila and Ralph R. Swick. Resource Description Framework (RDF) Model and Syntax., 1997. URL
Ora Lassila and Ralph R. Swick. Resource Description Framework (RDF) Model and Syntax Specification., 1999. URL
W. OWL Working Group. OWL 2 Web Ontology Language: Document Overview. W3C Recommendation, 27 October 2009. Available at
T. B. Passin. Explorer’s Guide to the Semantic Web. Manning Publications Co., Greenwich, CT, USA, 2004. ISBN 1932394206.
P. F. Patel-Schneider. Using Description Logics for RDF Constraint Checking and Closed-world Recognition. In Proceedings of the Twenty-Ninth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI’15, pages 247–253. AAAI Press, 2015. ISBN 0-262-51129-0. URL
J. Pérez, M. Arenas, and C. Gutierrez. Semantics and complexity of sparql. ACM Trans. Database Syst., 34 (3): 16:1–16:45, Sept. 2009. ISSN 0362-5915. doi: 10.1145/1567274.1567278. URL
F. Pezoa, J. L. Reutter, F. Suarez, M. Ugarte, and D. Vrgoč. Foundations of json schema. In Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on World Wide Web, WWW ’16, pages 263–273, Republic and Canton of Geneva, Switzerland, 2016. International World Wide Web Conferences Steering Committee. ISBN 978-1-4503-4143-1. doi: 10.1145/2872427.2883029. URL
A. Phillips and M. Davis. Tags for Identifying Languages. Technical Report 47, Internet Engineering Task Force, September 2009. URL
S. Powers. Practical RDF. O’Reilly & Associates, Inc., Sebastopol, CA, USA, 2003. ISBN 0596002637.
E. Prud’hommeaux and T. Baker. ShapeMap Structure and Language., July 2017. URL
E. Prud’hommeaux and G. Carothers. RDF 1.1 turtle: Terse RDF triple language., 2014. URL
E. Prud’hommeaux and A. Seaborne. SPARQL Query Language for RDF. W3C Recommendation, 2008. URL
E. Prud’hommeaux, J. E. Labra Gayo, and H. R. Solbrig. Shape expressions: an RDF validation and transformation language. In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Semantic Systems, SEMANTICS 2014, pages 32–40. ACM, 2014.
E. Prud’hommeaux, I. Boneva, J. E. Labra Gayo, and G. Kellog. Shape Expressions Language 2.0., Apr. 2017. URL
RDF Working Group W3c. W3C Validation Workshop. Practical Assurances for Quality RDF Data, September 2013. URL
D. Reynolds. The Organization Ontology. W3C Recommendation, 2014. URL
E. Robertsson. Combining RELAX NG and Schematron., Feb. 2004. URL
J. Rumbaugh, I. Jacobson, and G. Booch. Unified Modeling Language Reference Manual, The (2Nd Edition). Pearson Higher Education, 2004. ISBN 0321245628.
A. G. Ryman, A. L. Hors, and S. Speicher. OSLC resource shape: A language for defining constraints on linked data. In C. Bizer, T. Heath, T. Berners-Lee, M. Hausenblas, and S. Auer, editors, Linked data on the Web, volume 996 of CEUR Workshop Proceedings., 2013.
R. Sanderson, P. Ciccarese, and B. Young. Web Annotation Vocabulary. W3C Recommendation, Feb. 2017. URL
T. Segaran, C. Evans, J. Taylor, S. Toby, E. Colin, and T. Jamie. Programming the Semantic Web. O’Reilly Media, Inc., 1st edition, 2009. ISBN 0596153813, 9780596153816.
Shudi Gao, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen and Henry S. Thompson. W3C XML Schema Definition Language (XSD) 1.1 Part 1: Structures. W3C Recommendation, 2012. URL
S. Simister and D. Brickley. Simple application-specific constraints for rdf models. In RDF Validation Workshop. Practical Assurances for Quality RDF Data, Cambridge, Ma, Boston, September 2013. W3c,
Simon Steyskal and Karen Coyle. SHACL Use Cases and Requirements. W3C Working Draft, 2016. URL
H. Solbrig and E. Prud’hommeaux. Shape Expressions 1.0 Definition., 2014. URL
S. Speicher, J. Arwe, and A. Malhotra, editors. Linked Data Platform 1.0. W3C Recommendation, 2015. URL
S. Staworko, I. Boneva, J. E. Labra Gayo, S. Hym, E. G. Prud’hommeaux, and H. R. Solbrig. Complexity and Expressiveness of ShEx for RDF. In 18th International Conference on Database Theory, ICDT 2015, volume 31 of LIPIcs, pages 195–211. Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik, 2015.
D. Steer and L. Miller. Validating RDF with TreeHugger and Schematron. In FOAF-Galway. Position paper, 2004. URL
J. Tao, E. Sirin, J. Bao, and D. L. McGuinness. Integrity constraints in OWL. In Proceedings of the 24th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-10). AAAI, 2010.
N. M. Tim Berners-Lee. The rule of least power., Feb. 2006.
Tim Bray, Jean Paoli, C. M. Sperberg-McQueen, Eve Maler and François Yergeau. Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Fifth Edition. W3C Recommendation, 2008. URL
J. C. van Dam, J. J. Koehorst, P. J. Schaap, V. A. Martins dos Santos, and M. Suarez-Diez. Rdf2graph a tool to recover, understand and validate the ontology of an rdf resource. Journal of Biomedical Semantics, 6 (1): 39, Oct 2015. ISSN 2041-1480. doi: 10.1186/s13326-015-0038-9. URL
E. van der Vlist. Relax NG: A Simpler Schema Language for XML. O’Reilly, Beijing, 2004. ISBN 978-0-596-00421-7.
A. Wright, editor. JSON Schema: A Media Type for Describing JSON Documents. IETF, 2016. URL

Previous Up Next